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零重力条件下低温射流抑制大尺寸液氢储罐热分层的数值研究

郭斌 赵建福 李凯 胡文瑞

郭斌, 赵建福, 李凯, 胡文瑞. 零重力条件下低温射流抑制大尺寸液氢储罐热分层的数值研究[J]. 力学学报, 2021, 53(4): 1170-1182. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-343
引用本文: 郭斌, 赵建福, 李凯, 胡文瑞. 零重力条件下低温射流抑制大尺寸液氢储罐热分层的数值研究[J]. 力学学报, 2021, 53(4): 1170-1182. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-343
Guo Bin, Zhao Jianfu, Li Kai, Hu Wenrui. NUMERICAL STUDY ON THERMAL DESTRATIFICATION IN LARGE SCALE HYDROGEN PROPELLANT TANK IN SPACE BY JET INJECTION UNDER ZERO GRAVITY CONDITION[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2021, 53(4): 1170-1182. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-343
Citation: Guo Bin, Zhao Jianfu, Li Kai, Hu Wenrui. NUMERICAL STUDY ON THERMAL DESTRATIFICATION IN LARGE SCALE HYDROGEN PROPELLANT TANK IN SPACE BY JET INJECTION UNDER ZERO GRAVITY CONDITION[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2021, 53(4): 1170-1182. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-343

零重力条件下低温射流抑制大尺寸液氢储罐热分层的数值研究

doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-343
基金项目: 1)国家自然科学基金(11672311);中国科学院前沿科学重点研究(QYZDY-SSWJSC040)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    3)李凯,研究员,主要研究方向:微重力流体物理. E-mail: liKai@imech.ac.cn
    2)郭斌,硕士研究生,主要研究方向: 热分层现象抑制消除. E-mail: 18801215821@163.com;

    通讯作者:

    郭斌,李凯

    郭斌,李凯

  • 中图分类号: P353

NUMERICAL STUDY ON THERMAL DESTRATIFICATION IN LARGE SCALE HYDROGEN PROPELLANT TANK IN SPACE BY JET INJECTION UNDER ZERO GRAVITY CONDITION

  • 摘要: 液氢是一种常用的沸点低、易蒸发的空间低温推进剂. 空间微重力环境中浮力对流被极大减弱,当推进剂储罐壁面存在局部漏热时,储罐内部气液两相流体系会出现环绕漏热源的热分层现象,引起局部过热沸腾,导致储罐内部压力急剧增大,危害系统结构安全. 利用低温射流抑制储罐热分层现象是一种有效手段. 低温流体通过设置在储罐内部的射流喷嘴与储罐内部的流体混合,消减局部高温,实现温度的均匀化. 采用全充满的二维大尺寸储罐模型,对零重力条件下液氢储罐内局部漏热引起的热分层现象开展了数值模拟,主要分析了位于靠近储罐底部的漏热带以及出口衔接段漏热带漏热形成的局部热分层现象的抑制和消除,并研究了不同低温射流条件对于消除零重力条件下液氢储罐内部热分层效果的影响. 研究结果表明对于大尺寸储罐,当采用圆形射流喷嘴且低温射流条件相同时,射流喷嘴的位置对罐体内部热分层消除效果影响不是很明显. 当射流喷嘴位于储罐内部同一相对位置且入射流量相同时,圆形射流喷嘴因出流方向更集中,罐内流场演变更快,消除热分层比半球形射流喷嘴更有效.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-09-29
  • 刊出日期:  2021-04-10

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