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非晶态固体的结构可以决定性能吗?

王云江 魏丹 韩懂 杨杰 蒋敏强 戴兰宏

王云江, 魏丹, 韩懂, 杨杰, 蒋敏强, 戴兰宏. 非晶态固体的结构可以决定性能吗?[J]. 力学学报, 2020, 52(2): 303-317. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-19-368
引用本文: 王云江, 魏丹, 韩懂, 杨杰, 蒋敏强, 戴兰宏. 非晶态固体的结构可以决定性能吗?[J]. 力学学报, 2020, 52(2): 303-317. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-19-368
Wang Yunjiang, Wei Dan, Han Dong, Yang Jie, Jiang Mingqiang, Dai Lanhong. DOES STRUCTURE DETERMINE PROPERTY IN AMORPHOUS SOLIDS?[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2020, 52(2): 303-317. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-19-368
Citation: Wang Yunjiang, Wei Dan, Han Dong, Yang Jie, Jiang Mingqiang, Dai Lanhong. DOES STRUCTURE DETERMINE PROPERTY IN AMORPHOUS SOLIDS?[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2020, 52(2): 303-317. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-19-368

非晶态固体的结构可以决定性能吗?

doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-19-368
基金项目: 1)国家自然科学基金(11672299);国家自然科学基金(11972345);国家自然科学基金(11790292);国家重点研发计划(2017YFB0702003);国家重点研发计划(2017YFB0701502);中国科学院青年创新促进会(2017025)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    王云江

  • 中图分类号: O344.4

DOES STRUCTURE DETERMINE PROPERTY IN AMORPHOUS SOLIDS?

  • 摘要: 晶态固体的力学性能与塑性变形主要由结构缺陷, 比如位错的运动决定. 而在非晶态固体中结构如何决定性能, 仍然是固体力学、材料学和凝聚态物理学共同关心但尚未解决的核心问题之一.传统材料学研究的经典范式为"结构决定性能". 遵循这一信条, 已经有大量的实验表征与理论、模拟研究, 尝试将非晶态固体的某种结构特征与性能建立一一对应关系. 但是, 科学界对于非晶固体结构-性能关系成立与否, 以及背后隐藏的规律知之甚少. 本文针对非晶态固体的变形机制以及其微结构特征, 基于分子动力学模拟, 定量评估短程简单结构与中长程复杂结构在决定非晶态固体动力学性能方面的效用. 通过海量抽样每种具体玻璃结构的激活能(标识激发难易程度), 尝试将结构参数与激活能建立定量关系, 从而揭示出非晶态固体结构-性能关系的隐藏主控因素为结构的空间关联, 受限比几何结构本身更关键. 只有某种结构在空间上呈现亚纳米级的空间关联长度, 这种完备结构才有可能有效地决定非晶态固体的力学性能, 而短程简单结构则无效. 进一步, 给出了评价非晶态固体结构预测性能有效性的普适定量方法, 为建立广义无序物质的结构-性能关系提供了筛选准则.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2019-12-24
  • 刊出日期:  2020-04-10

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