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煤炭地下气化腔CO2埋存的研究进展及发展趋势

李龙龙 方惠军 葛腾泽 刘曰武 王锋 刘丹璐 丁玖阁 喻岳钰

李龙龙, 方惠军, 葛腾泽, 刘曰武, 王锋, 刘丹璐, 丁玖阁, 喻岳钰. 煤炭地下气化腔CO2埋存的研究进展及发展趋势. 力学学报, 待出版 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-538
引用本文: 李龙龙, 方惠军, 葛腾泽, 刘曰武, 王锋, 刘丹璐, 丁玖阁, 喻岳钰. 煤炭地下气化腔CO2埋存的研究进展及发展趋势. 力学学报, 待出版 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-538
Li Longlong, Fang Huijun, Ge Tengze, Liu Yuewu, Wang Feng, Liu Danlu, Ding Jiuge, Yu Yueyu. CO2 sequestration in UCG cavities: research progress and future development trends. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, in press doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-538
Citation: Li Longlong, Fang Huijun, Ge Tengze, Liu Yuewu, Wang Feng, Liu Danlu, Ding Jiuge, Yu Yueyu. CO2 sequestration in UCG cavities: research progress and future development trends. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, in press doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-538

煤炭地下气化腔CO2埋存的研究进展及发展趋势

doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-538
基金项目: 中石油科技重大专项资助项目(2019E025-003)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    刘曰武, 研究员, 主要研究方向: 渗流力学、岩土工程、非常规能源开发. Email: lywu@imech.ac.cn

CO2 SEQUESTRATION IN UCG CAVITIES: RESEARCH PROGRESS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENT TRENDS

  • 摘要: CO2捕集与埋存(CCS)可助力碳达峰、碳中和战略目标实现, 是解决温室效应的重要手段. 在众多地质埋存空间中, 煤炭地下气化(UCG)后的气化腔近年来成为埋存研究的热点, 但与传统埋存方式相比, 相关工作仍处于理论探索阶段, 缺乏现场实施案例. 为推动该埋存方式的发展, 文章从以下3方面开展工作. (1)介绍UCG和CO2气化腔埋存的国内外研究进展, 并将后者的发展划分为概念提出阶段、潜力评价和可行性分析阶段以及机理分析阶段, 目前尚处于理论探索阶段. (2)从注入性、密闭性、经济性、储容量和CO2埋存机理等多个角度出发, 通过与其他埋存方式对比, 分析了气化腔埋存的特点与优势: 注入性良好; 密闭性与未开发煤层类似, 但更为复杂; 显著节约CO2运输成本; 埋存潜力巨大; 埋存机理非常复杂, 需要考虑气化腔形态、边壁性质以及超临界CO2与气化腔流体间复杂相互作用对注入和长期埋存过程的影响. (3)阐明CO2气化腔埋存所涉及的关键科学问题和工程问题, 并指出未来发展趋势. 在以上工作的基础上, 建议国家出台相关政策鼓励和支持UCG及后续的CO2气化腔埋存, 丰富CCS体系, 推动煤炭资源的清洁化和低碳化利用.

     

  • 图  1  中国碳达峰、碳中和目标示意图

    Figure  1.  The schematic of China’s carbon peaking and carbon neutrality target

    图  2  受控注入点后退气化(CRIP)工艺示意图

    Figure  2.  The schematic of CRIP technology

    图  3  CO2气化腔埋存的简化地质模型, 红色区域为空腔, Jiang等将其假设为高渗透区域(渗透率50000 mD, 是原煤的5000倍)(修自文[32], 对于实际案例, 底部可能为灰渣、残留煤焦、垮落覆岩等)

    Figure  3.  A simplified geological model for CO2 sequestration in UCG cavity. Jiang et al. assume that the red zone which represents the void is a highly permeable porous medium. The permeability of the red zone is 50000 mD that is 5000 times of the coal permeability. (Modified from ref. [32])

    表  1  部分CO2−EOR项目

    Table  1.   Part of CO2-EOR projects

    CountryField/ProjectPermeability (mD)
    ChinaMiscible CO2 flooding in Caoshe oil reservoir24.77
    ChinaNear miscible CO2 flooding in Gao 89-1 block4.7
    ChinaImmiscible CO2 flooding in Yaoyingtai region1.9
    ChinaWater alternating gas in Shayixia reservoir690
    CanadaWeyburn oil field15
    USAPennsylvanian Paradox group in Aneth oil field20
    USAYates oil field210
    USASouth Slattery oil field23.34
    QatarKharaib B reservoir in Al Shaheen field1 ~ 10
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  部分ECBM项目

    Table  2.   Part of ECBM projects

    CountryField/ProjectPermeability (mD)
    USAPump Canyon Site in the San Juan Basin146 ~ 582
    USAAllison unit pilot in the San Juan Basin30 ~ 150
    USATanquary Farms Site in southeast Illinois2 ~ 7 (Ke)
    USAFort Union Group in North Dakota < 1
    CanadaMedicine River coal seam in Alberta3.65 (Ke)
    PolandUpper Silesian Coal Basin0.4 ~ 1.5
    ChinaNo. 3 coal seam in Shanxi Group, Qinshui Basin0.13 ~ 0.76
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  各种埋存方式的CO2储容量(修自文[73])

    Table  3.   The storage capacity of different sequestration options (Modified from ref. [73])

    Sequestration optionsLower estimate (Gt)Upper estimate (Gt)
    oil and gas reservoirs675900
    unminable coal seams3 ~ 15200
    deep saline aquifers1000uncertain, possibly 10000
    Note, the storage capacity of oil and gas reservoirs would increase by 25% if undiscovered fields were included
    下载: 导出CSV
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