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基于相场法的周期性多孔结构断裂行为研究

应宇轩 黄玮 马玉娥 彭帆

应宇轩, 黄玮, 马玉娥, 彭帆. 基于相场法的周期性多孔结构断裂行为研究. 力学学报, 2022, 54(12): 3430-3443 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-411
引用本文: 应宇轩, 黄玮, 马玉娥, 彭帆. 基于相场法的周期性多孔结构断裂行为研究. 力学学报, 2022, 54(12): 3430-3443 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-411
Ying Yuxuan, Huang Wei, Ma Yu-E, Peng Fan. Fracture behavior of periodic porous structures by phase field method. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2022, 54(12): 3430-3443 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-411
Citation: Ying Yuxuan, Huang Wei, Ma Yu-E, Peng Fan. Fracture behavior of periodic porous structures by phase field method. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2022, 54(12): 3430-3443 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-411

基于相场法的周期性多孔结构断裂行为研究

doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-411
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(12172292)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    黄玮, 副教授, 主要研究方向: 结构疲劳、断裂与计算. E-mail: huangwei@nwpu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O346.1+1

FRACTURE BEHAVIOR OF PERIODIC POROUS STRUCTURES BY PHASE FIELD METHOD

  • 摘要: 周期性多孔结构具有质量轻、比密度低、比强度高、隔音等优良特点, 同时也能很好地满足结构-功能一体化的需求, 在许多领域具有广泛的应用前景. 目前, 对周期性多孔结构在复杂载荷下的力学响应和断裂行为的研究较少. 采用细观力学和相场方法相结合, 基于二维代表性体积单元RVE模型, 施加能实现比例加载的周期性边界条件, 研究周期性多孔结构在复杂多轴比例加载状态下的裂纹萌生位置、断裂模式、承载极限及其变化规律. 本文的数值模拟结果表明: 首先, 周期性多孔结构在竖直方向拉伸载荷作用下, 裂纹均从孔边萌生并沿水平方向同步扩展; 其次, 在双轴载荷作用下, 随着水平载荷的增加, 结构在竖直方向的极限拉伸载荷逐渐增大; 当双轴拉伸载荷等值时, 结构的抗拉强度达到最大, 此时断裂模式呈现为十字正交型开裂; 最后, 面内剪切应力的引入会导致结构的拉伸强度极限降低, 孔边裂纹的萌生位置和扩展路径发生偏移, 裂纹模式从单S型转变为双弧线型, 裂纹向水平位置上相邻的孔洞扩展. 随着水平载荷的增加, 裂纹模式最终转变为斜裂纹, 从孔边对角线位置萌生并沿着45°方向扩展.

     

  • 图  1  细观力学分析示意图

    Figure  1.  Mesomechanics analysis schematic

    图  2  一维杆件的弥散裂纹与相场函数

    Figure  2.  Diffused crack and phase-field functions in 1D rods

    图  3  弥散裂纹与弹性体受力情况, 左侧为尖裂纹, 右侧为弥散裂纹

    Figure  3.  Diffused crack and elastomeric stresses, with sharp cracks on the left and diffused crack on the right

    图  4  基于多轴加载的二维RVE模型

    Figure  4.  2D RVE model based on multiaxial loading condition

    图  5  周期性多孔结构RVE模型的几何构型(单位: mm)

    Figure  5.  Geometric configuration of the RVE model for periodic porous structures (unit: mm)

    图  6  $ 8 \times 8 $多孔模型的单轴拉伸边界条件

    Figure  6.  Boundary conditions for uniaxial stretch of $ 8 \times 8 $periodic porous model

    图  7  单轴拉伸载荷下单元数分别为80000, 115200和156800的周期性多孔结构的2×2 RVE模型名义应力-应变曲线的比较

    Figure  7.  Comparison of nominal stress-strain curves of the RVE model with 80000, 115200 and 156800 elements under tensile loading condition

    图  8  单轴拉伸载荷下周期性多孔结构的$ 2 \times 2 $RVE模型与$ 8 \times 8 $模型的名义应力-应变曲线的比较

    Figure  8.  Comparison of nominal stress-strain curves of the $ 2 \times 2 $RVE model and the $ 8 \times 8 $ periodic porous model under uniaxial tensile loading condition

    图  9  单轴拉伸载荷下的周期性多孔结构的$ 2 \times 2 $RVE模型与$ 8 \times 8 $模型的断裂相场云图

    Figure  9.  Phase-field fracture contours of the $ 2 \times 2 $RVE model and $ 8 \times 8 $model for periodic porous structure under uniaxial tensile loading

    图  10  错位排列的金属玻璃异质周期性多孔结构在单轴拉伸载荷下的断裂行为[36]

    Figure  10.  Fracture behaviour of MG heterogeneous periodic porous structures under uniaxial tensile loading[36]

    图  11  周期性多孔结构在竖直方向的承载极限${P_{22 \text{-} \max }}$随应力比$ {\rho _1} $$ {\rho _2} $变化的曲线: (a)保持应力比$ {\rho _2} $不变, (b)保持应力比$ {\rho _1} $不变, (c)局部放大图

    Figure  11.  Changing curves of 2-directional extreme load ${P_{22 \text{-} \max }}$with$ {\rho _1} $and$ {\rho _2} $for periodic porous structures: (a) keep$ {\rho _2} $unchanged, (b) keep$ {\rho _1} $unchanged and (c) partial enlarged graph

    图  12  周期性多孔结构在不同多轴加载条件下的裂纹扩展模式相图

    Figure  12.  Phase diagram of crack propagation mode for periodic porous structure under different multiaxial proportional loading

    表  1  双轴比例加载下的周期性多孔结构的承载极限${P_{22 \text{-} \max }}$与断裂相场云图

    Table  1.   Extreme load${P_{22 \text{-} \max }}$ and phase-field fracture contours for the RVE model under biaxial proportional loading condition

    $ {\rho _1} $−1−0.500.51
    P22-max/MPa702.26782.25867.91947.08971.39
    Phase-
    field fracture contours
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  多轴比例加载下的周期性多孔结构的断裂相场云图

    Table  2.   Phase-field fracture contours of periodic porous structure model under multiaxial proportional loading

    $ {\rho _1} $, $ {\rho _2} $−1−0.500.51.0
    0
    0.25
    0.5
    0.75
    1.0
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  5种不同裂纹扩展模式的表征符号和渐进破坏的断裂相场云图

    Table  3.   Representative symbols and progressive phase-field fracture contours for the five distinguished crack propagation modes

    Representative symbol
    crack propagation modeshorizontal
    type
    S-typedouble arc-type45°-typeorthogonal cross-type
    progressive phase field
    fracture contours
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-09-05
  • 录用日期:  2022-10-18
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-10-19
  • 刊出日期:  2022-12-15

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