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不同温度条件下含流体砂岩裂隙摩擦特性的试验研究

沈闹 李小春 王磊

沈闹, 李小春, 王磊. 不同温度条件下含流体砂岩裂隙摩擦特性的试验研究. 力学学报, 待出版 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-400
引用本文: 沈闹, 李小春, 王磊. 不同温度条件下含流体砂岩裂隙摩擦特性的试验研究. 力学学报, 待出版 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-400
Shen Nao, Li Xiaochun, Wang Lei. Experimental study on frictional properties of fluid-bearing sandstone fractures at different temperatures. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, in press doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-400
Citation: Shen Nao, Li Xiaochun, Wang Lei. Experimental study on frictional properties of fluid-bearing sandstone fractures at different temperatures. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, in press doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-400

不同温度条件下含流体砂岩裂隙摩擦特性的试验研究

doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-400
基金项目: 国家重点研发基金(2019YFE0100100), 国家自然科学基金(41972316)和岩土力学与工程国家重点实验室开放基金(SKLGME021003)资助项目
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李小春, 研究员, 主要研究方向: 二氧化碳地质封存. E-mail: xcli@whrsm.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: P313.1

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON FRICTIONAL PROPERTIES OF FLUID-BEARING SANDSTONE FRACTURES AT DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES

  • 摘要: 砂岩储层中由流体注入导致的地震活动与砂岩断层(裂隙)的摩擦行为有关. 为了揭示不同温度条件下含流体砂岩裂隙的摩擦特性, 在温度范围为25°C ~ 140°C和有效法向应力范围为4 ~ 12MPa的试验条件下, 本文分别对干燥、水饱和以及注CO2锯切砂岩裂隙进行了速度分级加载试验. 试验结果表明: (1)对于干燥砂岩裂隙, 增大有效法向应力和升高温度均能增大裂隙的初始摩擦系数, 而改变有效法向应力对裂隙摩擦稳定性影响不明显, 仅升高温度会略微降低其摩擦稳定性; (2)对于水饱和砂岩裂隙, 裂隙的初始摩擦系数同样会随着有效法向应力的增大而增大, 但会受到升温的弱化作用, 而增大有效法向应力和升高温度均能降低裂隙的摩擦稳定性; (3)对于注CO2砂岩裂隙, 裂隙的初始摩擦系数受有效法向应力和温度变化的影响与水饱和砂岩裂隙相反, 但裂隙的摩擦稳定性仅会随着温度的升高而降低, 受有效法向应力的影响不明显. 因此, 砂岩裂隙的摩擦特性受有效法向应力、温度和注入流体类型的共同影响. 该试验结果对理解流体注入诱发地震有一定的指示作用.

     

  • 图  1  样品照片

    Figure  1.  Sample photos

    图  2  速度分级加载试验及试验数据拟合示意图

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of velocity stepping tests and data fitting

    图  3  不同试验条件下的速度分级加载试验结果

    Figure  3.  Experimental results of velocity-stepping tests under different experimental conditions

    图  4  不同有效法向应力下初始摩擦系数与温度的关系

    Figure  4.  Relation between initial friction coefficient at different effective normal stress

    图  5  剪切滑动距离和摩擦系数随时间的演化关系

    Figure  5.  Evolution of shear slip displacement and friction coefficient with time

    图  6  摩擦本构参数拟合

    Figure  6.  Data fitting for frictional constitutive parameters

    图  7  不同试验条件下的摩擦本构参数

    Figure  7.  Frictional constitutive parameters under different experimental conditions

    表  1  速度分级加载试验条件和试验结果

    Table  1.   Summary of experimental conditions and experimental results of velocity-stepping tests

    NumberPc/MPaPf/MPaT/°Cμi(ab)
    VS-14dry250.5850.0002
    VS-28dry250.6510.00029
    VS-34dry1400.640−0.00005
    VS-48dry1400.668−0.00037
    VS-54water saturated250.6470.00053
    VS-68water saturated250.6510.00005
    VS-712water saturated250.665−0.00058
    VS-84water saturated800.5510.00091
    VS-98water saturated800.6290.00008
    VS-104water saturated1400.5330.00078
    VS-118water saturated1400.629−0.00124
    VS-12168 MPa CO2400.5940
    VS-131612 MPa CO2400.6580
    VS-14168 MPa CO2800.626−0.00155
    VS-151612 MPa CO2800.666−0.0018
    VS-16168 MPa CO21400.649−0.00329
    VS-171612 MPa CO21400.727−0.00338
    下载: 导出CSV
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