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高速列车轴箱轴承健康监测与故障诊断研究综述

顾晓辉 杨绍普 刘文朋 刘泽潮

顾晓辉, 杨绍普, 刘文朋, 刘泽潮. 高速列车轴箱轴承健康监测与故障诊断研究综述. 力学学报, 2022, 54(7): 1780-1796 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-007
引用本文: 顾晓辉, 杨绍普, 刘文朋, 刘泽潮. 高速列车轴箱轴承健康监测与故障诊断研究综述. 力学学报, 2022, 54(7): 1780-1796 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-007
Gu Xiaohui, Yang Shaopu, Liu Wenpeng, Liu Zechao. Review of health monitoring and fault diagnosis of axle-box bearing of high-speed train. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2022, 54(7): 1780-1796 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-007
Citation: Gu Xiaohui, Yang Shaopu, Liu Wenpeng, Liu Zechao. Review of health monitoring and fault diagnosis of axle-box bearing of high-speed train. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2022, 54(7): 1780-1796 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-007

高速列车轴箱轴承健康监测与故障诊断研究综述

doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-007
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划 (2020YFB2007700), 国家自然科学基金 (12032017, 11902205, 11790282) 和河北省自然科学基金 (E2021210028) 资助项目
详细信息
    作者简介:

    杨绍普, 教授, 主要研究方向: 非线性动力学与故障诊断. E-mail: yangsp@stdu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TH17

REVIEW OF HEALTH MONITORING AND FAULT DIAGNOSIS OF AXLE-BOX BEARING OF HIGH-SPEED TRAIN

  • 摘要: 随着我国高速列车的发展, 针对其运营维护中的故障预测与健康管理问题日益受到关注. 轴箱轴承是高速列车走行部中的关键旋转部件, 在复杂的轮轨相互作用下极易出现由疲劳、过载等原因导致的失效, 影响列车的行车效率和运行安全. 而现有诊断方法和技术难以满足高速列车动态化、系统化的安全保障需求, 亟待进一步发展轴箱轴承健康监测和诊断技术. 首先, 介绍了工程中维修检测、轨边监测和车载监测系统的主要内容和发展现状. 然后, 从动力学正、反问题两个方面, 分析和总结了在轴箱轴承的理论建模方法和轴箱轴承与列车耦合系统的动态特性分析、基于先进信号处理技术和机器学习技术的诊断方法等方面的研究思路和研究进展. 最后, 对轴箱轴承健康监测与故障诊断技术的发展趋势进行了展望, 评述了在指导列车故障预测与健康管理方面的不足.

     

  • 图  1  高速列车轴箱轴承

    Figure  1.  Axle-box bearing of high-speed trains

    图  2  轴箱轴承检测与监测手段

    Figure  2.  Fault detection and condition monitoring means for axle-box bearing

    图  3  轴箱轴承服役性能与传感技术

    Figure  3.  Performance of axle-box bearing and sensing technologies

    图  4  CRH2/380 A动车组检修等级和检修周期

    Figure  4.  Maintenance regulation of CRH2/380 A EMUs

    图  5  TADS

    Figure  5.  TADS

    图  6  滚子与滚道的运动和接触关系

    Figure  6.  The kinematics and contact between the roller and raceways

    图  7  基于机器学习的诊断方法主要步骤

    Figure  7.  Procedures of the machine learning based diagnosis method

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-01-02
  • 录用日期:  2022-05-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-05-24
  • 刊出日期:  2022-07-15

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