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 引用本文: 刘小宇, 杨政, 张慧梅. 准脆性材料抗压强度能量平衡尺寸效应模型. 力学学报, 2022, 54(6): 1613-1629.
Liu Xiaoyu, Yang Zheng, Zhang Huimei. Energy balance size effect model of compressive strength for quasi-brittle materials. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2022, 54(6): 1613-1629.
 Citation: Liu Xiaoyu, Yang Zheng, Zhang Huimei. Energy balance size effect model of compressive strength for quasi-brittle materials. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2022, 54(6): 1613-1629.

## ENERGY BALANCE SIZE EFFECT MODEL OF COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH FOR QUASI-BRITTLE MATERIALS

• 摘要: 针对现有尺寸效应模型难以体现准脆性材料完整的抗压强度尺寸效应变化规律及其内在机理, 本文通过分析准脆性材料单轴压缩破坏过程中能量输入、储存、整体和局部能量耗散, 建立体现整体和局部损伤的力学模型及描述上述能量演化过程的双线性名义和真实应力应变曲线, 在此基础上确定了名义应力最大时输入能量、储存弹性能、整体和局部能量耗散的表达式, 最后基于能量平衡原理建立抗压强度尺寸效应模型. 抗压强度能量平衡尺寸效应模型能完整体现名义抗压强度尺寸效应, 即随试样尺寸增大, 名义抗压强度在试样尺寸小于等于局部损伤区尺寸时为真实强度, 然后逐渐减小, 最终当试样尺寸趋于无穷大时趋于弹性极限强度; 抗压强度能量平衡尺寸效应模型也能同时体现高径比和试样直径对名义强度的影响, 其包含的参数具有明确的物理意义, 可以反映真实强度、弹性极限强度、名义损伤模量非线性、局部损伤区大小和方向对准脆性材料名义抗压强度尺寸效应的影响; 通过把抗压强度能量平衡尺寸效应模型和现有尺寸效应模型应用于预测各种材料尺寸效应试验和数值模拟数据, 结果表明: 抗压强度能量平衡尺寸效应模型能很好描述试验和数值模拟尺寸效应的非线性变化规律及内在机理, 和现有尺寸效应模型相比, 其总体平均误差最小, 且小于5%.

Abstract: To address the problem of existing size effect models cannot reflect complete size effect of compressive strength and internal mechanism of quasi-brittle materials. In this paper, by analyzing energy input, storage, global-local energy dissipation during the failure process of quasi-brittle materials under uniaxial compression, mechanical model and bilinear nominal and true stress-strain curves are established to reflect global and local damage and describe the above energy evolution process respectively. On this basis, the expressions of input energy, stored elastic energy and global-local energy dissipation are determined when the nominal stress is the maximum. Finally, size effect model of compressive strength is established with energy balance principle. The energy balance size effect model of compressive strength can completely reflect the size effect of nominal compressive strength, namely with the increase of sample size, nominal compressive strength is the real strength when sample size is less than or equal to the size of local damage zone, and then gradually decreases, eventually tends to the elastic ultimate strength when the sample size approaches infinity. High to diameter ratio together with sample diameter can be taken into account in the energy balance size effect model of compressive strength. Its parameters, which can reflect the effect of real strength, elastic ultimate strength, nonlinear of nominal damage modulus, size and direction of local damage zone on nominal compressive strength size effect of quasi-brittle materials, have clear physical meaning. Experiment and numerical simulation data of various materials are utilized to validate and evaluate the energy balance size effect model of compressive strength and existing size effect models. The results indicate that the energy balance size effect model of compressive strength can well describe the nonlinear variation and internal mechanism of size effect of experiment and numerical simulation, and compared with the existing size effect models, its total average error is the smallest and less than 5%.

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