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面向压电振动能量俘获的电能管理电路综述

陈楠 刘京睿 魏廷存

陈楠, 刘京睿, 魏廷存. 面向压电振动能量俘获的电能管理电路综述. 力学学报, 2021, 53(11): 2928-2940 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-21-440
引用本文: 陈楠, 刘京睿, 魏廷存. 面向压电振动能量俘获的电能管理电路综述. 力学学报, 2021, 53(11): 2928-2940 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-21-440
Chen Nan, Liu Jingrui, Wei Tingcun. Review of energy management circuits for piezoelectric vibration energy harvesters. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2021, 53(11): 2928-2940 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-21-440
Citation: Chen Nan, Liu Jingrui, Wei Tingcun. Review of energy management circuits for piezoelectric vibration energy harvesters. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2021, 53(11): 2928-2940 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-21-440

面向压电振动能量俘获的电能管理电路综述

doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-21-440
基金项目: 陕西省自然科学基础研究计划(2021JM-064)资助项目
详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈楠, 副研究员, 主要研究方向: 能量俘获与电源管理电路与系统. E-mail: nc@nwpu.edu.cn

    魏廷存, 教授, 主要研究方向: 混合信号集成电路设计. E-mail: weitc@nwpu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TM401

REVIEW OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT CIRCUITS FOR PIEZOELECTRIC VIBRATION ENERGY HARVESTERS

  • 摘要: 随着物联网(internet of things, IoT)技术的高速发展, 传统的电池供电方式已经不能满足其供电需求. 利用压电能量俘获技术将机械能转换为电能, 可为IoT提供持久的电能, 具有广阔的应用前景. 本文在讨论压电振动俘能器的电学特性基础上, 全面总结了面向压电振动俘能器的电能管理电路的最新研究成果. 电能管理电路通常由AC-DC变换和DC-DC开关变换器(包括控制算法)两部分组成, 前者用于将压电振动俘能器输出的交流电转变为直流电, 后者用于提高能量俘获效率. 首先, 针对AC-DC变换, 分析了全桥整流器、电压倍增器、同步开关电感电路和同步开关电容电路的工作原理和优缺点. 接着, 重点讨论了用于压电振动俘能器的典型开关变换器电路, 包括电感式、全电容式和变压器式DC-DC开关变换器以及AC-DC开关变换器, 分析了它们的特点和适用场合. 最后, 针对压电振动俘能器的特点, 分析了实现最大能量俘获的几种典型控制算法, 包括最大功率点跟踪、阻抗匹配和同步电荷提取控制算法. 本文通过对面向压电振动俘能器的电能管理电路的全面分析和综述, 揭示了该领域目前存在的瓶颈问题, 并展望了其未来发展方向, 对压电能量俘获自供电系统的研究和开发具有重要的参考价值.

     

  • 图  1  振动能量俘获自供电系统的结构

    Figure  1.  Structure of self-powered energy harvesting system from vibration energy

    图  2  压电振动俘能器的机电模型[13]

    Figure  2.  Electromechanical model of piezoelectric vibration energy harvester [13]

    图  3  压电振动俘能器的等效电路

    Figure  3.  Equivalent circuit of piezoelectric vibration energy harvester

    图  4  全桥整流器

    Figure  4.  Full bridge rectifier

    图  5  有源整流器 [32]

    Figure  5.  Active rectifier [32]

    图  6  电压倍增器的结构与工作原理

    Figure  6.  Operating principal of voltage doublers

    图  7  多级半波电压倍增器

    Figure  7.  Multiple-stage voltage doubler

    图  8  P-SSHI电路的结构与工作原理

    Figure  8.  Operating principal of parallel-SSHI

    图  9  S-SSHI电路的结构与工作原理

    Figure  9.  Operating principal of Series-SSHI

    图  10  SSHC电路的结构

    Figure  10.  Structure of SSHC

    图  11  Buck-boost型变换器的结构与工作原理

    Figure  11.  Circuit and operating principal of Buck-boost converter

    图  12  全电容DC-DC开关变换器

    Figure  12.  Structure of full-capacitor DC-DC switching converter

    图  13  由4个电容重构单元实现的7种等效电容

    Figure  13.  Seven equal capacitor circuits generated by four reconfigurable cells

    图  14  变压器式DC-DC开关变换器

    Figure  14.  Transformer-based DC-DC switching converter

    图  15  AC-DC开关变换器[15]

    Figure  15.  AC-DC switching converter[15]

    图  16  扰动观察法的控制流程图[69]

    Figure  16.  Flow chart of P&O [69]

    图  17  同步电荷提取电路和工作原理

    Figure  17.  Principal of SECE

    表  1  AD-DC变换技术对比

    Table  1.   Comparison of AD-DC conversion

    MethodAdvantagesDisadvantages
    full bridge rectifierstrong adaptabilitylow efficiency
    P-SSHIhighest efficiencyonly suit for weak coupling;
    large size
    S-SSHIhigher efficiencythe same as above;
    limited output voltage
    SSHChigh efficiency;
    small size
    limited input energy
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  开关变换器的性能比较

    Table  2.   Comparison of switching converters

    ConverterAdvantagesDisadvantages
    inductor-based strong adaptability;
    high efficiency
    large size;
    limited output power
    capacitor- based small size;
    high efficiency
    limited output power;
    limited input voltage
    transformer- based large range of input
    voltage;
    large output power
    largest size;
    highest efficiency
    AC-DC low start-up voltage;
    less MosFets
    negative voltage power supply;
    complex control law
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  控制算法的性能对比

    Table  3.   Comparison of control strategy

    Control strategyAdvantagesDisadvantages
    MPPTstrong portabilitycomplex circuit
    impedance matchingsimple circuit;
    low cost
    poor flexibility;
    efficiency changing with ω
    SECEhigh efficiencypeak voltage detection difficulty
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-09-01
  • 录用日期:  2021-09-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-09-29
  • 刊出日期:  2021-11-18

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