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利用摩擦纳米发电机的流体能量俘获研究新进展

李申芳 王军雷 王中林

李申芳, 王军雷, 王中林. 利用摩擦纳米发电机的流体能量俘获研究新进展. 力学学报, 2021, 53(11): 2910-2927 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-21-411
引用本文: 李申芳, 王军雷, 王中林. 利用摩擦纳米发电机的流体能量俘获研究新进展. 力学学报, 2021, 53(11): 2910-2927 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-21-411
Li Shenfang, Wang Junlei, Wang Zhonglin. Progression on fluid energy harvesting based on triboelectric nanogenerators. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2021, 53(11): 2910-2927 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-21-411
Citation: Li Shenfang, Wang Junlei, Wang Zhonglin. Progression on fluid energy harvesting based on triboelectric nanogenerators. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2021, 53(11): 2910-2927 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-21-411

利用摩擦纳米发电机的流体能量俘获研究新进展

doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-21-411
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(51977196)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王军雷, 教授, 主要研究方向: 环境能量俘获, 流致振动抑制及利用. E-mail: jlwang@zzu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TK79,TK89

PROGRESSION ON FLUID ENERGY HARVESTING BASED ON TRIBOELECTRIC NANOGENERATORS

  • 摘要: 环境中的流体 (包括气体和液体) 动能是十分丰富且重要的清洁能源之一, 流体能量可通过不同的能量俘获技术 (电磁发电技术、压电能量俘获技术) 被转化为电能并供人们使用. 自2012年王中林研究团队发明摩擦纳米发电机 (triboelectric nanogenerator, TENG) 以来, TENG已成为了最重要的能量, 俘获技术之一, 并应用于流体能量俘获研究中. 论文综述了当前用于流体能量俘获的摩擦纳米发电机 (fluidic energy harvesting TENG, FEH-TENG) 的研究现状. 介绍了 FEH-TENG 中摩擦电材料之间的电荷转移原理以及基本的工作模式. 在气流动能俘获方面, 流致振动 (如涡激振动、驰振、颤振和尾流驰振等)是一种有效的将流体动力转化为机械能的物理机制, 基于该机制, 总结了FEH-TENG在风能和流致振动能量俘获中的研究进展以及各类能量俘获结构. 液体动能俘获方面总结了 FEH-TENG 在波浪和雨滴能量俘获中的研究进展. 介绍了基于 FEH-TENG的混合能量俘获系统和摩擦电材料优化在提升FEH-TENG流体能量俘获效率方面的研究. 接着介绍了FEH-TENG在不同领域中的应用. 最后讨论了目前 FEH-TENG 在流体能量俘获中存在的问题并提出了一些展望. 论文工作有助于推动FEH-TENG在流体能量俘获领域的发展以及促进相关研究人员对该领域的认识.

     

  • 图  1  电荷转移的表面状态模型[40]

    Figure  1.  Surface states model of charge transfer[40]

    图  2  一般材料接触起电的电子云−势阱模型[41]

    Figure  2.  An electron-cloud–potential-well model of general material contact charged[41]

    图  3  同种材料间的接触起电机理[42]

    Figure  3.  Contact charging mechanism between the same material[42]

    图  4  摩擦纳米发电机的四种基本工作模式[43-45]. (a) 接触分离模式, (b) 单电极模式, (c) 横向滑动模式, (d) 独立模式, (e) 蝶形摩擦纳米发电机[46], (f) 滴液摩擦纳米发电机测试系统[47], (g) 滑纸型摩擦纳米发电机[48], (h) 球形摩擦电纳米发电机[51]

    Figure  4.  Four basic working modes of the TENG[43-45]. (a) Contact-separation mode, (b) single-electrode mode, (c) lateral sliding mode, (d) freestanding mode, (e) butterfly-inspired TENG[46], (f) water droplet-driven TENG measuring system[47], (g) sliding paper TENG[48], (h) spherical TENG[51]

    图  5  液液型摩擦纳米发电机[52]

    Figure  5.  The TENG with liquid-liquid contact interface[52]

    图  6  自然风能俘获的摩擦纳米发电机

    Figure  6.  The natural wind energy collected by TENG

    图  7  流致振动能俘获

    Figure  7.  The flow-induced vibration energy collection

    图  8  (a)-(c) 水波能和(d) 液滴能俘获的摩擦纳米发电机. (a) 折纸式摩擦纳米发电机及其输出功率[79], (b) 弹簧辅助式多层结构球形摩擦纳米发电机及其输出特性[80], (c)圆柱型摩擦纳米发电机[84], (d)滴液式摩擦纳米发电机及其优化设计与输出性能[85]

    Figure  8.  (a)-(c) The wave and (d) droplet energy collected by TENG. (a) the origami-inspired TENG and its output power[79], (b) the spherical TENG with spring-assisted multilayered structure and its output performances[80], (c) the cylindrical TENG[84], and (d) the L-TENG and its optimal design scheme and output performance[85]

    图  9  混合式摩擦纳米发电机. (a) 混合压电−摩擦纳米发电机俘获波浪冲击能[94],(b) 柔性混合压电-摩擦纳米发电机及不同滴液频率时输出特性[95],(c) 双晶片压电纳米发电机与摩擦纳米发电机构成的风能俘获器[96],(d) 混合电磁与摩擦纳米发电机水波能俘获器[97],(e) 混合电磁与摩擦纳米发电机风能俘获器[98]

    Figure  9.  The TENG with hybrid energy collection modes. (a) The collection of wave impact energy by hybrid Piezo-triboelectric nanogenerator[94], (b) a flexible hybrid Piezo-triboelectric nanogenerator and its output characteristics with different droplet frequencies[95], (c) a wind energy collector with bimorph-based piezoelectric and TENG[96], (d) a water wave energy collector with EMG and TENG[97], and (e) a wind energy collector with EMG and TENG[98]

    10  (a) 球形摩擦纳米发电机工作原理及其大规模发电网络设计[33]. (b)自供电式滴液传感器在(i-ii)智能静脉注射监护和(iii-iv)排液瓶的应用[120]. (c) (i)水流动能和(ii)风能俘获的摩擦纳米发电机及在智能农业中应用; (iii)自供电土壤水分监测系统; (iv)为土壤湿度传感器供电; (v)水位警戒[121]

    10.  (a) Working mechanism of spherical TENG and its large-scale power generation network[33]. (b) Application of self-powered droplet Sensor in (i-ii) smart intravenous injection monitor and (iii-iv) drainage bottle [120]. (c) The TENGs that collect (i) water flow energy and (ii) wind energy and their application in smart agriculture; (iii) self-powered soil moisture monitoring system; (iv) power the soil moisture sensor; (v) water level alarm[121]

    图  10  (a) 球形摩擦纳米发电机工作原理及其大规模发电网络设计[33]. (b)自供电式滴液传感器在(i-ii)智能静脉注射监护和(iii-iv)排液瓶的应用[120]. (c) (i)水流动能和(ii)风能俘获的摩擦纳米发电机及在智能农业中应用; (iii)自供电土壤水分监测系统; (iv)为土壤湿度传感器供电; (v)水位警戒[121] (续)

    Figure  10.  (a) Working mechanism of spherical TENG and its large-scale power generation network[33]. (b) Application of self-powered droplet Sensor in (i-ii) smart intravenous injection monitor and (iii-iv) drainage bottle [120]. (c) The TENGs that collect (i) water flow energy and (ii) wind energy and their application in smart agriculture; (iii) self-powered soil moisture monitoring system; (iv) power the soil moisture sensor; (v) water level alarm[121] (continued)

    表  1  FEH-TENG气流动能俘获研究总结

    Table  1.   Research summary of air-flow energy collection by FEH-TENG

    No.AuthorsModeMaterialOpen-circuit
    voltage/V
    Short-circuit currentPeak power/power
    density (resistance)
    Excitation
    type
    Excitation
    value
    1 Ref. [60] contact-separation Al+PTFE 3.5 300 nA 0.64 mW/m2 (5 MΩ) wind 0.05 MPa
    2 Ref. [53] contact-separation and
    lateral sliding
    Al+PTFE 360 (Vocpp) 130 A (Iscpp) 245 mW (2 kΩ) wind 6 m/s
    3 Ref. [57] freestanding Cu+FEP 500 15 μA 200 nC wind
    4 Ref. [55] contact-separation Al+FEP 1150 7.5 μA 0.95 mW (108 Ω) wind 1.8 m/s
    5 Ref. [54] freestanding Al+FEP 120 40 μA 0.82 mW/26 mW/m2
    (4 MΩ, 12 units in parallel)
    wind 25 m/s
    6 Ref. [61] contact-separation Al/FEP+AgNWs NFs 20 mW/m3 † wind 0.7 - 6 m/s
    7 Ref. [49] freestanding Cu+PTFE 1190 25 μA 9.1 mW (56 MΩ) wind 2.7 m/s
    8 Ref. [65] contact-separation AgNWs NFs+FEP 190* 23 μA* FIV 2.5 m/s
    9 Ref. [70] freestanding Carbon+PET 20.8 6.8 μA 36.72 μW/0.0408 mW/cm3 (5 MΩ) FIV 7.5 m/s
    10 Ref. [64] contact-separation Al+PTFE 270 7.6 μA 1.3 mW (44 MΩ) FIV 2.9 m/s
    11 Ref. [75] contact-separation Nylon+FEP 220 7 μA 7.9 μW (50 MΩ) FIV 2.0 m/s
    注:VocppIscpp表示峰峰之间的最大开路电压和短路电流. 上标*表示文献图中的近似值, 上标表示平均值.
    Note:Vocpp and Iscpp indicate the maximum open-circuit voltage and short-circuit current between peak to peak. The superscript * indicates the approximate value in the literature chart, and the superscript indicates the average value.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  FEH-TENG液体动能俘获研究总结

    Table  2.   Research summary of liquids energy collection by FEH-TENG

    No.AuthorsModeMaterialOpen-circuit
    voltage/V
    Short-circuit
    current
    Peak power/power
    density (resistance)
    Excitation
    type
    Excitation
    value
    1 Ref. [84] freestanding Cu+FEP 120 1.52 μA 110 μW/231.6 mW/m3 (100 MΩ) wave 0.033 Hz
    2 Ref. [76] contact-separation Cu+FEP 419 56.7 μA 4.1 mW (10 MΩ) wave 1.0 Hz
    3 Ref. [31] freestanding Al+FEP 1100 50 μA 5.2 mW/6.6 W/m3
    (20 MΩ)
    wave 1.75 Hz
    4 Ref. [79] contact-separation Cu+FEP 1004 (Vocpp) 110 μA 11.2 mW (6.28 MΩ) impulse excitation 9.3 g
    55.4 μW (60 MΩ) wave 2 Hz
    5 Ref. [80] contact-separation Cu+FEP 250 200 μA 8.5 mW/4.81 W/m3
    (1 MΩ)
    wave 1.0 Hz
    6 Ref. [32] freestanding water+PTFE/ZnO 16 10 μA droplet continuous
    7 Ref. [86] contact-separation Cu+PTFE 21.6 16 W (1 MΩ) droplet (6 mm) single
    8 Ref. [87] single-electrode water+PTFE 68.1 84.8 μA droplet (120 μL) single
    9 Ref. [88] contact-separation Cu+PTFE 42.2 95.4 A droplet 22 mL/s
    注:VocppIscpp表示峰峰之间的最大开路电压和短路电流. 上标表示平均值.
    Note:Vocpp and Iscpp indicate the maximum open-circuit voltage and short-circuit current between peak to peak. The superscript indicates the average value.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  混合式FEH-TENG能量俘获研究总结

    Table  3.   Summary of hybrid FEH-TENG energy harvesting

    No.AuthorsModeMaterialOpen-circuit voltage/VShort-circuit currentPeak power/power density (resistance)Excitation typeExcitation value
    1 Ref. [93] TENG Al+PTEF 360 (Vocpp) 128 A (Iscpp) 1.67 mW (10 MΩ) wind 6 m/s
    PENG Cu+PVDF 65 (Vocpp) 135 A (Iscpp) 1.38 mW (330 KΩ)
    EMG magnet+copper coil 23.2 (Vocpp) 87 mA (Iscpp) 268.6 mW (180 Ω)
    2 Ref. [98] TENG nylon+FEP 683 (Vocpp) 1.8 mW/2.7 W/cm2 (60 MΩ) wind 12 m/s
    EMG magnet+copper coil 47.4 (Vocpp) 62 mW (660 Ω)
    3 Ref. [99] TENG water+FEP 5 droplet single
    TENG Al+PTEF 50 6 μA wind 13 m/s
    solar cell 4.2 27 μA solar 900
    4 Ref. [95] PENG Mo+AlN 1.5 (Vocpp) 9 mW/m2 (104 kΩ) droplet 3.33 mL/s
    TENG Ti/Au+parylene C
    5 Ref. [100] TENG water+sino-fluorine 2.6 μW/cm2 droplet 30 μL
    PENG (pyroelectricity) silver+PVDF+silver 27 temperature difference 40 ℃
    6 Ref. [101] TENG Al+PTFE 760 4 μA 55 mW/m2 (353 MΩ) wave 0.8 Hz
    EMG magnet+copper coil 2 10 mA
    注:VocppIscpp表示峰峰之间的最大开路电压和短路电流. 上标表示平均值.
    Note:Vocpp and Iscpp indicate the maximum open-circuit voltage and short-circuit current between peak to peak. The superscript indicates the average value.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-08-21
  • 录用日期:  2021-10-09
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-10-10
  • 刊出日期:  2021-11-18

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