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气垫平台破冰阻力的模型试验研究

黄焱 孙策 田育丰

黄焱, 孙策, 田育丰. 气垫平台破冰阻力的模型试验研究[J]. 力学学报, 2021, 53(3): 714-727. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-418
引用本文: 黄焱, 孙策, 田育丰. 气垫平台破冰阻力的模型试验研究[J]. 力学学报, 2021, 53(3): 714-727. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-418
Huang Yan, Sun Ce, Tian Yufeng. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE ICE BREAKING RESISTANCE ON AN AIR CUSHION PLATFORM[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2021, 53(3): 714-727. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-418
Citation: Huang Yan, Sun Ce, Tian Yufeng. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE ICE BREAKING RESISTANCE ON AN AIR CUSHION PLATFORM[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2021, 53(3): 714-727. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-418

气垫平台破冰阻力的模型试验研究

doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-418
基金项目: 1) 国家重点研发计划(2016YFE0202700);工信部高技术船舶科研(2017-614);工信部高技术船舶科研(MC-201918-C10)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    2) 田育丰,工程师,主要研究方向:海洋环境条件与结构相互作用. E-mail: tianyufeng@tju.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    田育丰

  • 中图分类号: U661.73

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE ICE BREAKING RESISTANCE ON AN AIR CUSHION PLATFORM

  • 摘要: 通过开展低温拖曳冰水池物理模型试验,测试气垫平台在遭遇平整冰时的破冰过程和破冰阻力.在模型试验中,以一座现役破冰气垫平台为原型,建立了合理的模型试验相似律.依据相似律分别对原型平台的结构框架、气道结构、围裙结构和垫升系统等部分进行了模拟,从而得到一套与原型平台结构型式和垫升机制相似的模型平台.模型平台在试验拖车的拖曳下通过低温冰水池中的模型冰排,分别以垫升高度和航行速度为试验参数,对不同试验工况下气垫平台的破冰过程进行测试.通过对模型试验现象和结果的分析,深入解析了气垫平台的破冰过程,揭示了气垫平台的破冰机理.通过试验发现,非全垫升状态更有利于模型平台的破冰作业.气垫平台破冰的关键机理是在冰排底部形成稳定的气腔,从而促使冰排在结构的下压作用和气腔的上顶压力下发生弯曲破坏.在试验中测试了气垫平台破冰风压随结构姿态的变化,在时频域内对风压的变化情况进行了分析,并讨论了风压随航行速度的变化规律.以此为基础,对气垫平台破冰阻力随垫升高度和航行速度的变化规律进行分析,从而为该类气垫平台的结构设计和操船方法提供必要的基础性数据和参考依据.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-12-08
  • 刊出日期:  2021-03-10

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