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桥墩-冰塞-局部冲刷相关问题研究进展

王军 侯智星 隋觉义 程铁杰

王军, 侯智星, 隋觉义, 程铁杰. 桥墩-冰塞-局部冲刷相关问题研究进展[J]. 力学学报, 2021, 53(3): 672-681. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-392
引用本文: 王军, 侯智星, 隋觉义, 程铁杰. 桥墩-冰塞-局部冲刷相关问题研究进展[J]. 力学学报, 2021, 53(3): 672-681. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-392
Wang Jun, Hou Zhixing, Sui Jueyi, Cheng Tiejie. ADVANCES IN RESEARCH WORK REGARDING IMPACTS OF BRIDGE PIERS ON ICE ACCUMULATION AND LOCAL SCOUR PROCESSES[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2021, 53(3): 672-681. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-392
Citation: Wang Jun, Hou Zhixing, Sui Jueyi, Cheng Tiejie. ADVANCES IN RESEARCH WORK REGARDING IMPACTS OF BRIDGE PIERS ON ICE ACCUMULATION AND LOCAL SCOUR PROCESSES[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2021, 53(3): 672-681. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-392

桥墩-冰塞-局部冲刷相关问题研究进展

doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-392
基金项目: 1) 国家重点研发计划(2018YFC1508401);国家自然科学基金(51879065);合肥工业大学研究生质量工程项目(2018YKC02)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    王军

  • 中图分类号: TV13

ADVANCES IN RESEARCH WORK REGARDING IMPACTS OF BRIDGE PIERS ON ICE ACCUMULATION AND LOCAL SCOUR PROCESSES

  • 摘要: 桥梁建设改变了河流的边界条件、水流条件和河床泥沙的运动状态,冬季河流中有冰塞出现时则产生相互影响作用.近年来,基于冰塞稳定性力学分析,开展了桥墩影响下冰塞稳定性研究,所得桥墩影响下冰塞稳定性判别公式计算结果和实测资料能够较好得吻合;研究了桥墩对河道卡封以及临界流凌密度的影响,计算得到的临界流凌密度与实验值较为接近;介绍了明流、冰盖下桥墩周围局部冲刷等方面的相关研究工作,得出了冰盖条件下桥墩局部最大冲刷深度的回归经验公式,结果表明该公式具有很好的适用范围.对冰塞条件下桥墩附近局部冲刷问题探索性地开展了试验研究,研究表明,冰塞条件下的局部冲刷与冰盖条件下有着很大不同,不仅冲刷深度要大的多,而且桥墩周围局部冲刷过程与冰塞厚度变化相关.在冰塞条件下,桥墩处的最大冲刷深度和最大冲刷长度均随流速增大而增大,冲刷坑尾部淤积沙丘高度也受到流速的影响.就相关研究难点和今后需要进一步开展的研究工作进行了分析和展望.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-11-22
  • 刊出日期:  2021-03-10

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