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高速列车轴承可靠性评估关键力学参量研究进展

王曦 侯宇 孙守光 李强 任尊松

王曦, 侯宇, 孙守光, 李强, 任尊松. 高速列车轴承可靠性评估关键力学参量研究进展[J]. 力学学报, 2021, 53(1): 19-34. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-200
引用本文: 王曦, 侯宇, 孙守光, 李强, 任尊松. 高速列车轴承可靠性评估关键力学参量研究进展[J]. 力学学报, 2021, 53(1): 19-34. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-200
Wang Xi, Hou Yu, Sun Shouguang, Li Qiang, Ren Zunsong. ADVANCES IN KEY MECHANICAL PARAMETERS FOR RELIABILITY ASSESSMENT OF HIGH-SPEED TRAIN BEARINGS[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2021, 53(1): 19-34. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-200
Citation: Wang Xi, Hou Yu, Sun Shouguang, Li Qiang, Ren Zunsong. ADVANCES IN KEY MECHANICAL PARAMETERS FOR RELIABILITY ASSESSMENT OF HIGH-SPEED TRAIN BEARINGS[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2021, 53(1): 19-34. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-200

高速列车轴承可靠性评估关键力学参量研究进展

doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-200
基金项目: 1)国家自然科学基金委与中国铁路总公司高速铁路基础研究联合基金资助项目(U1834202)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    2)王曦, 教授, 主要研究方向: 车辆结构可靠性及优化. E-mail: wangxi@bjtu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    王曦

  • 中图分类号: U270,TH133.33

ADVANCES IN KEY MECHANICAL PARAMETERS FOR RELIABILITY ASSESSMENT OF HIGH-SPEED TRAIN BEARINGS

  • 摘要: 轴承是高速列车牵引传动和轮轴系统的关键零部件. 受列车运行过程中电机转矩、齿轮啮合以及轮轨随机激励的影响,轴承可能发生疲劳破坏, 严重影响高速列车的行车安全.我国特有的复杂运用条件对轴承部件的疲劳性能提出了更高的要求,而轴承疲劳可靠性的基础理论和关键技术是我国轴承正向设计研发中的薄弱环节.可靠性评估方面的相关研究在解决轴承可靠性研究的瓶颈问题中起到了承上启下的关键作用.高速列车轴承可靠性评估手段与技术旨在获得使用环境中轴承可靠性评估的关键力学参量,并以此推动复杂激励下轴承疲劳可靠性理论研究. 因此,需要哪些关键力学参量并且在复杂的实际使用环境下如何去获取这些力学参量是进行高速列车轴承可靠性评估的关键所在.本文首先概述了高速列车轴承所处的复杂使用环境及运用中的主要失效模式,并据此分析了高速列车轴承可靠性评估所需的关键力学参量,强调了轴承内部滚滑行为和载荷分布在可靠性评估和轴承状态监测中的重要作用,之后从计算模型和测试技术等方面系统阐述了针对这两个关键力学参量的研究进展.最后提出了在高速列车轴承可靠性评估关键力学参量特征及测试技术研究中值得关注的若干问题.

     

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