EI、Scopus 收录
中文核心期刊

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

近壁面柱体涡激振动的迟滞效应

刘俊 高福平

刘俊, 高福平. 近壁面柱体涡激振动的迟滞效应[J]. 力学学报, 2019, 51(6): 1630-1640. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-19-293
引用本文: 刘俊, 高福平. 近壁面柱体涡激振动的迟滞效应[J]. 力学学报, 2019, 51(6): 1630-1640. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-19-293
Liu Jun, Gao Fuping. HYSTERESIS IN VORTEX-INDUCED VIBRATIONS OF A NEAR-WALL CYLINDER[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2019, 51(6): 1630-1640. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-19-293
Citation: Liu Jun, Gao Fuping. HYSTERESIS IN VORTEX-INDUCED VIBRATIONS OF A NEAR-WALL CYLINDER[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2019, 51(6): 1630-1640. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-19-293

近壁面柱体涡激振动的迟滞效应

doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-19-293
基金项目: 1) 国家杰出青年科学基金项目(11825205);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项 (B类)资助(XDB22030000)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    高福平

  • 中图分类号: P751,TB531

HYSTERESIS IN VORTEX-INDUCED VIBRATIONS OF A NEAR-WALL CYLINDER

  • 摘要: 柱体涡激振动是典型的流固耦合问题,其响应规律标识码在升速流动和远离壁面条件下获得的. 而自然环境流动通常不断经历升速和降速过程,近壁面柱体的涡激振动可呈现与远离标识码体不同的响应特征. 本研究结合大型波流水槽,设计了具有微结构阻尼的柱体涡激振动装置. 基于量纲分析,开展系列水槽标识码验,通过同步测量柱体涡激振动位移时程和绕流流场变化,研究了升降流速作用下柱体涡激振动触发和停振的临界速度(即上临标识码临界速度)变化规律,探究了近壁面柱体涡激振动迟滞效应. 采用自下向上激光扫射的 PIV 流场测量系统,对比分析了固定柱体标识码振动柱体的绕流特征. 实验观测表明,近壁面柱体涡激振动触发的临界速度呈现随壁面间距比减小而逐渐减小的变化趋势;但标识码速条件下的涡激振动停振所对应的下临界速度却明显小于升速时的涡激振动触发所对应的上临界速度. 采用上临界与下临界约标识码差值可定量表征涡激振动迟滞程度,研究发现该值随着柱体间距比减小呈线性增大趋势. 涡激振动迟滞现象通常伴随振幅阶跃标识码阶跃值则随着间距比减小而非线性减小.

     

  • 1 Blevins RD. Flow-induced Vibration. New York: Krieger Publishing Company, 1990
    2 King R . A review of vortex shedding research and its application. Ocean Engineering, 1977,4:141-172
    3 Tsahalis DT . Vortex-induced vibrations of a flexible cylinder near a plane boundary exposed to steady and wave-induced currents. Journal of Energy Resources Technology-Transactions of ASME, 1984,106:206-213
    4 Bryndum MB, Bonde C . Long free spans exposed to current and waves: Model tests//21st Annual Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, 1989: 317-336
    5 Feng CC . The measurements of vortex-induced effects in flow past stationary and oscillating circular and D-section cylinders. [Master’s Thesis]. Vancouver, BC, Canada: University of British Columbia, 1968
    6 Bearman PW . Vortex shedding from oscillating bluff bodies. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, 1984,16:195-222
    7 Anand NM . Free span vibrations of submarine pipelines in steady and wave flows. [PhD Thesis]. Trondheim, Norway: The Norwegian Institute of Technology, 1985
    8 Govardhan R, Williamson CHK . Modes of vortex formation and frequency response of a freely vibrating cylinder. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2000,420:85-130
    9 Sarpkaya T . A critical review of the intrinsic nature of vortex-induced vibrations. Journal of Fluids and Structures, 2004,19:389-447
    10 Williamson CHK, Govardhan R . Vortex-induced vibration. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, 2004,36:413-455
    11 Wu XD, Ge F, Hong YS . A review of recent studies on vortex-induced vibrations of long slender cylinders. Journal of Fluids and Structures, 2012,28:292-308
    12 及春宁, 李非凡, 陈威霖 等. 圆柱涡激振动研究进展与展望. 海洋技术学报, 2015,34(1):106-118
    12 ( Ji Chunning, Li Feifan, Chen Weilin , et al. Progress and prospect of the study on vortex-induced vibration of circular cylinders. Journal of Ocean Technology, 2015,34(1):106-118 (in Chinese))
    13 陈伟民, 付一钦, 郭双喜 等. 海洋柔性结构涡激振动的流固耦合机理和响应. 力学进展, 2017,47:25-91
    13 ( Chen Weimin, Fu Yiqin, Guo Shuangxi , et al. Fluid-solid coupling and dynamic response of vortex-induced vibration of slender ocean cylinders. Advances in Mechanics, 2017,47:25-91 (in Chinese))
    14 Sumer BM, Freds$\phi$e J . Hydrodynamics Around Cylindrical Structures. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing, 2006
    15 Det Norske Veritas. Free spanning pipelines. DNV Recommended Practice DNVGL-RP-F105, 2017
    16 Scruton C . On the wind-excited oscillations of towers, stacks and masts//Proceedings of A Symposium on Wind Effects on Buildings and Structures, HMSO, London, 1963: 798-832
    17 Skop RA, Griffin OM . A model for the vortex-excited resonant response of bluff cylinders. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 1973,27(2):225-233
    18 Skop RA, Balasubramanian S . A new twist on an old model for vortex-excited vibrations. Journal of Fluids and Structures, 1997,11:395-412
    19 Klamo JT, Leonard A, Roshko A . The effects of damping on the amplitude and frequency response of a freely vibrating cylinder in cross-flow. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2006,22:845-856
    20 Govardhan R, Williamson CHK . Defining the ‘modified Griffin plot’ in vortex-induced vibration: Revealing the effect of Reynolds number using controlled damping. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2006,561:147-180
    21 Bearman PW, Zdravkovich MM . Flow around a circular cylinder near a plane boundary. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 1978,109:33-48
    22 Grass AJ, Raven PWJ, Stuart RJ , et al. The influence of boundary layer velocity gradients and bed proximity on vortex shedding from free spanning pipelines. Journal of Energy Resources Technology-Transactions of the ASME, 1984,106:70-78
    23 Lei CW, Cheng L, Armfield SW , et al. Vortex shedding suppression for flow over a circular cylinder near a plane boundary. Ocean Engineering, 2000,27:1109-1127
    24 Wang XK, Tan SK . Comparison of flow patterns in the near wake of a circular cylinder and a square cylinder placed near a plane wall. Journal of Fluids and Structures, 2008,24(5):605-627
    25 Lin WJ, Lin C, Hsieh SC , et al. Flow characteristics around a circular cylinder placed horizontally above a plane boundary. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 2009,135(7):697-716
    26 Wang XK, Wang C, Li YL , et al. Flow patterns of a low mass-damping cylinder undergoing vortex-induced vibration: Transition from initial branch and upper branch. Applied Ocean Research, 2017,62:89-99
    27 Gao FP, Yang B, Wu YX , et al. Steady currents induced seabed scour around a vibrating pipeline. Applied Ocean Research, 2006,28(5):291-298
    28 Yang B, Gao FP, Jeng DS , et al. Experimental study of vortex-induced vibrations of a cylinder near a rigid plane boundary in steady flow. Acta Mechanica Sinica, 2009,25(1):51-63
    29 Raven PWJ, Stuart RJ . Full-scale dynamic testing of submarine pipeline spans// Offshore Technology Conferences, 1985,5005:395-404
    30 Freds$\phi$e J, Sumer BM, Andersen J , et al. Transverse vibrations of a cylinder very close to a plane wall. Journal of Energy Resources Technology, 1987,109:52-60
    31 Bishop RED, Hassan AY . The lift and drag forces on a circular cylinder oscillating in a flowing fluid. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 1964,A277:51-75
    32 Wanderley JBV, Sphaier SH, Levi C . A two-dimensional numerical investigation of the hysteresis effect on vortex induced vibration on an elastically mounted rigid cylinder. Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, 2012,134(2):021801
    33 Williamson CHK, Roshko A . Vortex formation in the wake of an oscillating cylinder. Journal of Fluids and Structures, 1988,2:355-381
    34 Khalak A, Williamson CHK . Motions, forces and mode transitions in vortex-induced vibrations at low mass-damping. Journal of Fluids and Structures, 1999,13:813-851
    35 Singh SP, Mittal S . Vortex-induced oscillations at low Reynolds numbers: Hysteresis and vortex shedding modes. Journal of Fluids and Structures, 2005,20:1085-1104
    36 Prasanth TK, Behara S, Singh SP , et al. Effect of blockage on vortex-induced oscillations at low Reynolds numbers. Journal of Fluids and Structures, 2006,22:865-876
    37 Prasanth TK, Mittal S . Vortex-induced vibrations of a circular cylinder at low Reynolds numbers. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2008,594:463-491
    38 Prasanth TK, Premchandran V, Mittal S . Hysteresis in vortex-induced vibrations: Critical blockage and effect of $m^*$. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2011,671:207-225
    39 陈威霖, 及春宁, 徐万海 . 并列双圆柱流致振动的不对称振动和对称性迟滞研究. 力学学报, 2015,47(5):731-739
    39 ( Chen Weilin, Ji Chunning, Xu Wanhai . Numerical investigation on the asymmetric vibration and symmetry hysteresis of flow-induced vibration of two side-by-side cylinders. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2015,47(5):731-739 (in Chinese))
    40 Oertel H . Prandtl-Essentials of Fluid Mechanics. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2010
    41 Chong MS, Perry AE, Cantwell BJ . A general classification of three-dimensional flow field. Physics of Fluids, 1990,A(2):765-777
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  756
  • HTML全文浏览量:  78
  • PDF下载量:  1614
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-10-22
  • 刊出日期:  2019-11-18

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回