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岩溶隧道突水灾害形成机理及发展趋势

李术才 王康 李利平 周宗青 石少帅 柳尚

李术才, 王康, 李利平, 周宗青, 石少帅, 柳尚. 岩溶隧道突水灾害形成机理及发展趋势[J]. 力学学报, 2017, 49(1): 22-30. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-16-345
引用本文: 李术才, 王康, 李利平, 周宗青, 石少帅, 柳尚. 岩溶隧道突水灾害形成机理及发展趋势[J]. 力学学报, 2017, 49(1): 22-30. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-16-345
Li Shucai, Wang Kang, Li Liping, Zhou Zongqing, Shi Shaoshuai, Liu Shang. MECHANICAL MECHANISM AND DEVELOPMENT TREND OF WATER-INRUSH DISASTERS IN KARST TUNNELS[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2017, 49(1): 22-30. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-16-345
Citation: Li Shucai, Wang Kang, Li Liping, Zhou Zongqing, Shi Shaoshuai, Liu Shang. MECHANICAL MECHANISM AND DEVELOPMENT TREND OF WATER-INRUSH DISASTERS IN KARST TUNNELS[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2017, 49(1): 22-30. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-16-345

岩溶隧道突水灾害形成机理及发展趋势

doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-16-345
基金项目: 

国家重点基础研究发展计划(973) 2013CB036000

国家自然科学基金 51479106,51679131

国土资源部煤炭资源勘查与综合利用重点实验室开放基金 KF2015-4

山东省自然科学基金 ZR2014EEM019

中国博士后科学基金 2015M572039

和山东大学基本科研业务费专项资金 2016GN026

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    李术才,教授,主要研究方向:隧道突水突泥灾害预报、预测预警理论与控制技术.E-mail:lishucai@sdu.edu.cn

    3)李利平,教授,主要研究方向:隧道突水突泥致灾机理与预测预警技术.E-mail:yuliyangfan@163.com

  • 中图分类号: U45

MECHANICAL MECHANISM AND DEVELOPMENT TREND OF WATER-INRUSH DISASTERS IN KARST TUNNELS

  • 摘要: 岩溶隧道突水灾害具有“强突发、高水压、大流量、多类型”等显著特点,其灾变演化过程复杂、动力失稳规律尚不清楚.本文系统提出了不同类型突水灾害的发生条件、判据及安全厚度分析方法,剖析了近期研究进展及发展趋势.首先,给出了隧道突水灾害的概念、类型及构成三要素,从系统论角度分析了隧道突水的灾变过程;其次,总结了隧道突水灾害致灾机理、力学模型、失稳判据和最小安全厚度等方面的近期研究成果;最后,从构成三要素角度分析了隧道突水致灾机理方面的现状与问题,并提出了今后的发展趋势与方向,主要有:(1)灾害源固液气三相置换机制与释能模式,(2)突水通道多相物质迁移与流态演化规律,(3)隔水阻泥结构动力灾变演化机理,(4)突水通道破裂形成过程的模拟分析方法等.

     

  • 图  1  突水灾害示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of water-inrush

    图  2  含水构造-隔水岩体系统简化模型[8]

    Figure  2.  A simplified model of water-bearing structure and water-proof rock mass[8]

    图  3  隔水岩体动力学模型[7]

    Figure  3.  Dynamical model of water-proof rock mass[7]

    图  4  掌子面前方隔水岩体最小安全厚度

    Figure  4.  The minumum safety thickness of water-proof rock mass in the front of tunnel face

    图  5  充填型扁状岩溶管道渗流的力学效应[8]

    Figure  5.  Mechanical effect of seepage characteristics for flat-shape karst conduit[8]

    图  6  充填型圆状岩溶管道渗流的力学模型[8]

    Figure  6.  Mechanical model of seepage characteristics for circular karst conduit[8]

    图  7  充填物滑移失稳力学模型[8]

    Figure  7.  Mechanical model of slippage failure of filling materials[8]

    图  8  渗流-损伤诱发突水通道形成的灾变演化图[8]

    Figure  8.  Evolution process of water-inrush passage induced by coupling seepage-damage effect[8]

    图  9  充填介质渗透失稳突水过程模拟分析[27]

    Figure  9.  Simulation analysis of water-inrush process induced by seepage failure[27]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-11-25
  • 修回日期:  2016-11-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2016-12-03
  • 刊出日期:  2017-01-18

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