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断裂力学判据的评述

嵇醒

嵇醒. 断裂力学判据的评述[J]. 力学学报, 2016, 48(4): 741-753. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-16-069
引用本文: 嵇醒. 断裂力学判据的评述[J]. 力学学报, 2016, 48(4): 741-753. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-16-069
Ji Xing. A CRITICAL REVIEW ON CRITERIA OF FRACTURE MECHANICS[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2016, 48(4): 741-753. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-16-069
Citation: Ji Xing. A CRITICAL REVIEW ON CRITERIA OF FRACTURE MECHANICS[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2016, 48(4): 741-753. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-16-069

断裂力学判据的评述

doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-16-069
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(11572226).
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    嵇醒,教授,主要研究方向:固体力学.E-mail:jixing@tongji.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O346.1

A CRITICAL REVIEW ON CRITERIA OF FRACTURE MECHANICS

  • 摘要: 从Inglis 和Griffith 的著名论文到Irwin 和Rice 等的奠基性贡献,对断裂力学中的线弹性断裂力学的K判据,界面断裂力学的G判据,和弹塑性断裂力学的J 判据作了扼要的综述. 介绍了在界面断裂力学G判据的基础上提出的界面断裂力学的K判据,以说明断裂力学的判据存在改进的可能性. 在综述中归纳出断裂力学判据中目前还没有较好解决的几个问题. 在总结以往断裂力学研究经验的基础上,指出裂纹端应力奇异性的源是对断裂力学判据存在的问题作进一步研究的切入点. 探讨了裂纹端应变间断的奇点是裂纹端应力奇异性的源的问题,从而对裂纹端应力强度因子的物理意义进行了讨论. 最后,阐述了进行可靠的裂纹端应力场的弹塑性分析是改进弹塑性断裂力学判据的关键,而进行可靠的裂纹端应力场的弹塑性分析的前提是要通过裂纹端应力奇异性的源的研究来获得作用在裂纹端的造成裂纹端应变间断的有限值应力.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-03-11
  • 修回日期:  2016-05-05
  • 刊出日期:  2016-07-18

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