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 引用本文: 吴华, 邹绍华, 徐成辉, 尉亚军, 邓子辰. 广义热弹模型的热力学基础与瞬态响应. 力学学报, 2022, 54(10): 2796-2807.
Wu Hua, Zou Shaohua, Xu Chenghui, Yu Yajun, Deng Zichen. Thermodynamic basis and transient response of generalized thermoelasticity. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2022, 54(10): 2796-2807.
 Citation: Wu Hua, Zou Shaohua, Xu Chenghui, Yu Yajun, Deng Zichen. Thermodynamic basis and transient response of generalized thermoelasticity. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2022, 54(10): 2796-2807.

THERMODYNAMIC BASIS AND TRANSIENT RESPONSE OF GENERALIZED THERMOELASTICITY

• 摘要: 微纳科技的快速发展与超短脉冲激光技术的广泛运用, 对描述微纳尺度超快热冲击的广义热传导及其热弹耦合理论提出迫切需求. 基于拓展热力学原理, 本文建立了考虑热传导双相滞后效应和高阶热流率的广义热弹耦合理论. 类比于力学领域黏弹性本构关系的串联、并联模型, 并受Green-Naghdi (GN)广义热传导模型启发, 本文提出了热学“弹性”单元和“黏性”单元模型, 并采用串联、并联方法实现了Cattaneo-Vernotte (CV)、GN、双相滞后(DPL)和Moore-Gibson-Thompson (MGT) 热传导模型的重构. 理论推导进一步表明, 本文新建模型对应于热学Burgers模型, 并得到了新模型中各相位滞后中松弛时间之间的比例关系. 运用拉普拉斯变换方法, 研究了一维结构受边界热冲击和移动热源作用下的瞬态响应, 计算结果表明: 新模型克服了热波速度无限大的悖论; 仅有边界热冲击载荷时, 新模型得到的响应结果均较大, 响应范围最小; 相比于无热源作用情形, 受移动热源作用时, 新模型会产生更大的峰值响应. 新模型与经典弹性理论耦合构建了广义热弹性理论, 运用该理论, 可以清晰观察到在热波和弹性波波前的应力突变. 理论方面, 本文推动了拓展热力学与连续介质力学的结合, 对于远离平衡态极端力学基础理论问题的研究具有启发意义; 应用方面, 本文研究结果可为激光等移动热源作用下材料的瞬态响应分析提供理论基础和数值方法.

Abstract: The rapid development of micro/nano technology and the wide application of ultrashort pulsed laser technology have put forward an urgent need for generalized heat conduction and thermoelastic coupling theory to describe ultrafast thermal shock at micro/nano scale. Based on extended thermodynamic principle, a generalized thermoelastic coupling theory considering the dual-phase-lagging effect of heat conduction and the rate of higher order heat flux is established. Inspired by Green-Naghdi (GN) generalized heat conduction model, thermal "elastic" and "viscous" element models are proposed, which are similar to the series and parallel models of viscoelastic constitutive relations in the field of mechanics. The Cattanoe-Vernotte (CV), GN, dual-phase-lag (DPL) and Moore-Gibson-Thompson (MGT) heat conduction models were obtained by series and parallel methods. Theoretical derivation further shows that the newly formulated model corresponds to the Burgers model of heat conduction. In these models, the proportional relationship between the relaxation time of each phase lag is also obtained. Laplace transform method is used to study the transient response of one-dimensional structure under thermal shock and moving heat source. The results show that the present model overcomes the paradox of infinite thermal wave velocity. When the boundary thermal shock load is applied, the results obtained by the new model have higher peak and the smallest affected region. And under the effect of moving heat source, the new model can generate a larger peak response. The new model could coupled with the classical elastic theory and built a generalized thermoelasticity. With this theory, the jump of stress at wavefront of thermal wave and elastic wave can be clearly observed. Theoretically, this paper promotes the combination of extended thermodynamics and continuum mechanics, which is of enlightening significance to the study of fundamental theoretical problems far from equilibrium of extreme mechanics. For applications, this work can provide theoretical basis and numerical method for the transient response analysis under the moving heat sources.

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