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倾斜圆柱结构涡激振动研究进展

徐万海 马烨璇

徐万海, 马烨璇. 倾斜圆柱结构涡激振动研究进展. 力学学报, 2022, 54(10): 2641-2658 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-186
引用本文: 徐万海, 马烨璇. 倾斜圆柱结构涡激振动研究进展. 力学学报, 2022, 54(10): 2641-2658 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-186
Xu Wanhai, Ma Yexuan. Research progress on vortex-induced vibration of inclined cylindrical structures. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2022, 54(10): 2641-2658 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-186
Citation: Xu Wanhai, Ma Yexuan. Research progress on vortex-induced vibration of inclined cylindrical structures. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2022, 54(10): 2641-2658 doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-186

倾斜圆柱结构涡激振动研究进展

doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-22-186
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(51979163, U2106223)和中国工程院院地合作重大咨询项目(2021DFZD2)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    徐万海, 教授, 主要研究方向: 涡激振动及振动控制. E-mail: xuwanhai@tju.edu.cn

    马烨璇, 博士, 主要研究方向: 涡激振动及振动控制. E-mail: mayexuan@tju.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TV312

RESEARCH PROGRESS ON VORTEX-INDUCED VIBRATION OF INCLINED CYLINDRICAL STRUCTURES

  • 摘要: 圆柱结构涡激振动现象在生活中十分常见, 如海洋工程中的管道、土木工程中的高耸建筑、桥梁斜拉索, 核工程中的热交换器等频繁受到涡激振动影响, 诱发结构的疲劳损伤, 甚至破坏失效. 现阶段, 人们对垂直来流作用下圆柱结构涡激振动机理已有较为全面的认识. 然而, 当圆柱倾斜置于流场中, 结构后缘的尾流形态与垂直放置差异显著, 结构与流体的耦合作用机理更为复杂. 为简化倾斜圆柱涡激振动问题, 提出了不相关原则, 来流速度被分解为垂直圆柱结构轴向和平行圆柱结构轴向的两个速度分量, 仅考虑垂直结构轴向速度分量的影响, 忽略平行结构轴向速度分量的影响. 近年来, 针对倾斜圆柱涡激振动及不相关原则的适用性, 出现了大量实验和数值模拟研究成果. 为了深化对倾斜圆柱结构涡激振动相关机理的认知, 本文全面阐述了倾斜圆柱结构涡激振动响应规律、尾迹流场模式和流体力特性等方面的研究进展, 分析了不相关原则的适用范围, 探讨了倾斜圆柱结构涡激振动抑制措施, 并对今后该领域的研究进行了力所能及的展望.

     

  • 图  1  垂直圆柱与倾斜圆柱结构示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of vertical and inclined cylinders

    图  2  St随倾角a的变化

    Figure  2.  St versus the inclination angle

    图  3  文献[48]观测到的倾斜圆柱尾流模式

    Figure  3.  Wake patterns of flow around an inclined cylinder in Ref. [48]

    图  4  倾斜圆柱尾流模式区域[48]

    Figure  4.  Wake pattern regions of flow around an inclined cylinder[48]

    图  5  文献[68]数值模拟的倾斜圆柱尾流模式

    Figure  5.  Wake patterns of flow around an inclined cylinder in Ref. [68]

    图  6  倾斜固定圆柱绕流的流体力系数[53]

    Figure  6.  Fluid force coefficients of an inclined stationary cylinder [53]

    图  7  倾斜刚性圆柱VIV的横流向位移[90]

    Figure  7.  Cross-flow displacements of an inclined rigid cylinder undergoing VIV [90]

    图  8  倾斜刚性圆柱VIV的流体力系数[90]

    Figure  8.  Fluid force coefficients of an inclined rigid cylinder undergoing VIV[90]

    图  9  倾斜柔性圆柱VIV的位移云图、位移均方根分布和运动轨迹[104]

    Figure  9.  Displacement contour, distribution of the RMS of the displacement, x-y trajectory of an inclined flexible cylinder undergoing VIV [104]

    图  10  倾斜柔性圆柱VIV的振动位移[104]

    Figure  10.  Displacements of an inclined flexible cylinder undergoing VIV [104]

    图  11  倾斜柔性圆柱VIV的尾流形态[93]

    Figure  11.  Wake flow of an inclined flexible cylinder undergoing VIV [93]

    图  12  倾斜柔性圆柱VIV的附加质量系数[104]

    Figure  12.  Add mass coefficients of an inclined flexible cylinder undergoing VIV[104]

    图  13  螺旋列板的抑制效率[111]

    Figure  13.  Suppression efficiency of helical strakes[111]

    图  14  控制杆的抑制效率[121]

    Figure  14.  Suppression efficiency of control rods[121]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-05-01
  • 录用日期:  2022-06-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-06-29
  • 刊出日期:  2022-10-18

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