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原子力显微镜在二维材料力学性能测试中的应用综述

高扬

高扬. 原子力显微镜在二维材料力学性能测试中的应用综述[J]. 力学学报, 2021, 53(4): 929-943. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-354
引用本文: 高扬. 原子力显微镜在二维材料力学性能测试中的应用综述[J]. 力学学报, 2021, 53(4): 929-943. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-354
Gao Yang. REVIEW OF THE APPLICATION OF ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY IN TESTING THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF TWO-DIMENSIONAL MATERIALS[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2021, 53(4): 929-943. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-354
Citation: Gao Yang. REVIEW OF THE APPLICATION OF ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY IN TESTING THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF TWO-DIMENSIONAL MATERIALS[J]. Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2021, 53(4): 929-943. doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-354

原子力显微镜在二维材料力学性能测试中的应用综述

doi: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-354
基金项目: 1)浙江大学百人计划资助项目(188020*194222002/035/008)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    2)高扬, 研究员, 主要研究方向: 微纳米力学、极端力学、二维材料力学. E-mail: ygao96@zju.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    高扬

  • 中图分类号: U260.17

REVIEW OF THE APPLICATION OF ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY IN TESTING THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF TWO-DIMENSIONAL MATERIALS

  • 摘要: 以石墨稀为代表, 二维材料有着诸多优异的性质, 在下一代电子器件等领域拥有广阔的应用前景. 目前绝大多数关于二维材料的研究都集中在其电子学和光学的性质和应用, 对于其力学性质的研究则相对欠缺, 而力学性质在二维材料的研究和应用中都有着至关重要的意义. 原子力显微镜是低维材料力学性质表征的主要手段, 例如基于原子力显微镜的纳米压痕技术. 本文首先简要介绍了二维材料的基本背景以及原子力显微镜的工作原理. 进一步展示了纳米压痕技术的工作原理和理论背景, 并回顾了利用纳米压痕技术研究二维材料面内力学性质的相关实验和理论工作, 同时探讨了原子力显微镜在表征二维材料力学性能中存在的测量误差及来源. 由于二维材料展现出强烈的各向异性, 纳米压痕技术在能够很好地测量二维材料面内力学性质的同时, 对于二维材料层间力学性质表征等方面存在明显的局限性. 第三部分介绍了一种全新的基于原子力显微镜的埃(Å)压痕技术, 该技术能够将形变尺度控制在0.1 nm以内, 从而精确地表征和调控二维材料的层间范德华作用力, 即层间力学性质. 作者在第三部分介绍了通过埃压痕技术表征和调控的石墨烯、氧化石墨烯等二维材料的层间力学性质. 最后简要介绍了范德华异质结材料的基本性质, 探讨了埃压痕技术在该材料力学性质研究中的潜在应用.

     

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