Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics ›› 2020, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (6): 1548-1559.DOI: 10.6052/0459-1879-20-115

Special Issue: 航天动力学

• Theme Articles on Aerospace Dynamics and Control • Previous Articles     Next Articles

DYNAMIC MODELING AND STABILITY CONTROL OF FOLDING WING AIRCRAFT 1)

Song Huixin2)(), Jin Lei3)()   

  1. College of Astronautics, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2020-04-14 Accepted:2020-07-19 Online:2020-11-18 Published:2020-07-24
  • Contact: Song Huixin,Jin Lei

Abstract:

During the deformation process, the dynamic modeling of the folding-wing aircraft presents the characteristics of multi-rigid、multi-degree of freedom and strong nonlinearity. At the same time, parameters such as aerodynamics/torque, pressure center, centroid and moment of inertia will also change greatly, which will seriously affect Flight stability. Therefore, this paper will mainly study the multi-rigid dynamics modeling and deformation stability control of the folding wing aircraft. The multi-rigid dynamic model of the folding wing aircraft is established based on the Kane method with the additional force and moment expressions. The functional relationship between the aerodynamic parameters and the folding angle is fitted through aerodynamic calculations. and the longitudinal dynamic characteristics of the aircraft at different folding angular speeds are analyzed. It is shown that the speed, height and pitch angle of the folding wing aircraft will change during the deformation process by analyzing the longitudinal dynamic characteristics, and the aircraft cannot maintain stable flight. A stability control method is proposed for the deformation process of the folding-wing aircraft based on the active disturbance rejection control theory. The nonlinear terms, coupling terms and parameter time-varying terms are regarded as the total internal and external disturbances in the longitudinal nonlinear dynamic model of the folding-wing aircraft, using the extended state observer to estimate and compensate the total disturbance in real time. The PD controller is proposed for compensated systems to realize decoupling control of speed channel and height channel. The stability of the system is proved by Lyapunov stability theory, and mathematical simulation is used to verified the stability of the folding wing aircraft. The simulation results show that the stability controller based on the active disturbance rejection control theory can solve the problems of strong nonlinearity and time-varying parameters caused by aircraft deformation, and ensure the high-precision and stable control of the aircraft.

Key words: folding-wing aircraft, multi-rigid body dynamics modeling, extended state observer, stability control

CLC Number: