Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics ›› 2019, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (3): 787-802.DOI: 10.6052/0459-1879-18-348

• Fluid Mechanics • Previous Articles     Next Articles

STUDY OF FLOW-INDUCED MOTION CHARACTERISTICS OF THREE TANDEM CIRCULAR CYLINDERS IN PLANAR SHEAR FLOW1)

Jiahuang Tu*†,;2)(), Xiaoling Tan*, Xuhui Deng*, Xiaogang Guo*, Jingqun Liang*, Ping Zhang*   

  1. * College of Civil Engineering and Mechanics, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan 411105, Hunan, China
    † Hunan Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Engineering Safety, Xiangtan 411105, Hunan, China
  • Received:2018-12-24 Online:2019-05-18 Published:2019-05-28
  • Contact: Jiahuang Tu

Abstract:

Flow-induced motions of three elastically mounted circular cylinders subjected to the planar shear flow in tandem arrangement at $Re =100$ were numerically investigated by using semi-implicit characteristics-based split (CBS) finite element algorithm. Firstly, the results are compared with the existing data in the literature to verify the accurateness of the method. Then, the influence of some key parameters, such as shear ratio ($k$), natural frequency ratio ($r$) and reduced velocity ($U_{\rm r}$) on the characteristics of flow-induced dynamic responses and flow field of three circular cylinders with tandem arrangement was analyzed. The numerical results show that the shear ratio, natural frequency ratio and reduced velocity play an important role in the amplitude and trajectory of motion. The change of maximum amplitude of the upstream cylinder is similar to that of an isolated cylinder case with the increasing of $k$. The maximum amplitudes of the midstream and downstream cylinders increase, and the dual resonance is observed. Meanwhile, the increasing of $k$ causes the extension of the resonance region. With the increasing of $r$, the lock-in region of the upstream cylinder reduces in the in-line direction. However, for the midstream and downstream ones, the dual-lock-in region broadens. On the other hand, the prominent $X-Y$ trajectories of three circular cylinder resemble figure-eight shape and irregular one in the uniform flow. With the change of $k$, the motion orbit transforms from figure-eight to the raindrop shape in the lock-in region. In the larger shear ratio and higher natural frequency ratio case, the dual-raindrop is observed in the $X-Y$ vibrating trajectory of the midstream cylinder. Finally, the flow-induced motion mechanism of three tandem circular cylinders exposed to planar shear flow is revealed according to the analysis of the characteristic of the flow field.

Key words: planar shear flow, three tandem circular cylinders, flow induced motion, dynamic response, flow characteristics

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