Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics ›› 2019, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (2): 450-461.DOI: 10.6052/0459-1879-18-288

• Fluid Mechanics • Previous Articles     Next Articles

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON CAVITY EVOLUTION CHARACTERISTICS IN THE WATER-ENTRY PROCESS OF PARALLEL CYLINDERS

Jiaxing Lu,Yingjie Wei,Cong Wang,Lirui Lu,Hao Xu   

  1. School of Astronautics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
  • Received:2018-09-02 Accepted:2018-12-29 Online:2019-03-18 Published:2019-03-27

Abstract:

Water-entry process of parallel moving bodies widely exists in air-to-sea combat modes,such as airborne projectile elimating mines and air-dropped torpedo saturation attack, which has a strong engineering application background. In order to study the cavity evolution characteristics in the water-entry process of parallel cylinders, experimental study on the water-entry process of parallel cylinders is carried out used optical measurement method based on high-speed photography technology. The countor of cavity are identified and extracted with image processing technology. And by comparing the cavity countor between single cylinder and double cylinders with different Froude number at the time of water entry (Fr0), the cavity evolution characteristics in the water-entry process of parallel cylinders and the effect of Fr0 are analyzed. The experimental results show that the whole cavity shows good mirror symmetry, while the inside and outside cavity of the cylinder has obvious asymmetry. When the Fr0 is low, the cavity closure mode is pinch off, and the closure point moves backward with the increase of Fr0. And when Fr0 reaches critical value, the closure mode transits to surface closure and the closure point moves forward with the increase of Fr0 insteadly. Under the positive impact of Fr0 and the negative impact of ambient pressure and splashing and rolling, the peak value and time length of cavity expansion and outward offset of cavity center at different depth increase first and then decrease with the increase of Fr0. Due to the different dominant impact at different depths, the critical points of Fr0 at which the peak and time trends change are different.

Key words: parallel water-entry process, cavity evolution, cavity closure, Froude number, deviation value of center

CLC Number: