• Orginal Article •

### RESEARCH ON DYNAMIC TEST TECHNOLOGY FOR WIND TURBINE BLADE AIRFOIL

Li Guoqiang1,2,*(), Zhang Weiguo2, Chen Li1, Nie Bowen2, Zhang Peng2, Yue Tingrui2

1. 1State Key Laboratory of Aerodynamics , China Aerodynamics Research and Development Center , Mianyang 621000, Sichuan , China
2 Low Speed Aerodynamics Institute , China Aerodynamics Research and Development Center , Mianyang 621000, Sichuan , China;
• Online:2018-07-18 Published:2018-08-17
• Contact: Li Guoqiang

Abstract:

The dynamic oscillation process of wind turbine blades is usually accompanied by pitching and yaw. Due to the unclear understanding of many dynamic problems previously, a safer design is adopted at the expense of increasing the weight of the blade structure in engineering, usually neglecting the influence of the yaw oscillation. The design of large wind turbines has put forward higher requirements for obtaining more comprehensive and accurate dynamic loads of airfoils. It is of great significance to study the influence of yaw oscillation on the dynamic aerodynamic characteristics of airfoil. In view of this, the dynamic wind tunnel test on yaw oscillation of airfoil is carried out in this paper for the first time. The “electronic cam” technology is used instead of the mechanical cam to realize the stepless adjustment of oscillation frequency and oscillation angle. Based on the designed electronic external trigger device, the real-time measurement of the dynamic flow field is realized. Meanwhile, the synchronous acquisition of wind tunnel flow, model angular displacement and dynamic pressure data is realized. Furthermore, the static pressure measurement, pitching / yaw dynamic pressure measurement, PIV and fluorescent wire test are carried out respectively. The accuracy of the test results is high, and the regular pattern is reasonable. Besides, the influence mechanism of wall interference in dynamic test is analyzed. Research shows that: there is also obvious hysteresis effect on the dynamic aerodynamic parameters of yaw oscillation airfoil with the changing of the angle of attack. And with the increase of oscillation frequency, the aerodynamic hysteresis characteristics of the airfoil under pitching and yaw oscillation are all enhanced. The dynamic stall vortex at the positive stroke is delayed due to the pitching oscillation. The pressure distribution of the airfoil is greatly influenced by the strong three-dimensional effect at the intersection of the wind tunnel wall and the model tip. Overall, the dynamic test technique of yaw oscillation established in this paper can provide technical support for the study of the dynamic swept effect of the wind turbines.

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