Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechani ›› 2017, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (3): 693-702.DOI: 10.6052/0459-1879-16-350

Previous Articles     Next Articles

QUASI-SYMMETRY AND NOETHER'S THEOREM FOR FRACTIONAL BIRKHOFFIAN SYSTEMS IN TERMS OF CAPUTO DERIVATIVES

Zhang Yi   

  1. College of Civil Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou 215011, Jiangshu, China
  • Received:2016-11-28 Online:2017-05-15 Published:2017-06-16
  • Contact: 10.6052/0459-1879-16-350

Abstract:

The dynamical behavior and physical process of a complex system can be described and studied more accurately by using a fractional model, at the same time the Birkhoffian mechanics is a generalization of Hamiltonian mechanics, and therefore, the study of dynamics of fractional Birkhoffian systems is of great significance. Fractional Noether's theorem reveals the intrinsic relation between the Noether symmetric transformation and the fractional conserved quantity, but when the transformation is replaced by the Noether quasi-symmetric transformation, the corresponding extension of Noether's theorem is very difficult. In this paper, the Noether quasi-symmetry and the conserved quantity for fractional Birkhoffian systems in terms of Caputo derivatives are presented and studied by using a technique of timereparametrization. Firstly, the technique is applied to the study of the Noether quasi-symmetry and the conserved quantity for classical Birkhoffian systems and Noether's theorem in its general form is established. Secondly, the definitions and criteria of Noether quasi-symmetric transformations for fractional Birkhoffian systems are given which are based on the invariance of fractional Pfaff action under one-parameter infinitesimal group of transformations without transforming the time and with transforming the time, respectively. Based on the definition of fractional conserved quantity proposed by Frederico and Torres, Noether's theorem for fractional Birkhoffian systems is established by using the method of timereparametrization. The theorem reveals the inner relationship between Noether quasi-symmetry and fractional conserved quantity and contains Noether's theorem for the symmetry of fractional Birkhoffian system and Noether's theorem for classical Birkhoffian system as its specials. Finally, we take the Hojman-Urrutia problem as an example to illustrate the application of the results.

Key words:

fractional Birkhoffian system|Noether quasi-symmetry|Frederico-Torres fractional conserved quantity|caputo derivative

CLC Number: